LymphnVascular

Aneurysm

Aneurysm is the enlargement of an artery caused by weakness in the arterial wall. This means that  a particular segment of the artery is dilated or is larger in diameter. This causes abnormal flow of blood in that segment causing various complications.

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Causes:

  • Atherosclerosis
  • High blood pressure
  • Deep wounds and infections
  • Congenital weakening of the arterial wall

Diagnosis

  • Family history
  • Check blood pressure
  • Physical examination
  • Ultrasound
  • CT scan 
  • MRI

Treatment

  • For an small aneurysm, the doctor may first try medication and a wait-and-see approach, monitoring its growth.
  • You may need surgery if the aneurysm has become big enough to be dangerous.  If the aneurysm is in a non- critical vessel. Simple ligation or clipping of the vessel may be sufficient, but in cases where the aneurysm is in an important artery and can be removed, the section can be replaced with a bypass grafting  
  • If inoperable, careful monitoring and medication may be best in this case. Medications to lower blood pressure or ease the force of your heart beat may be prescribed.
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